How Much Does It Cost?

Moving to Oregon in 1850

What you need and how much it costs.

Remember, your wagon is all you have to carry your provisions for 2,000 miles. . . and you have to walk 'cause there is no room in the wagon! 
So what do I need to make the trek west?

Must Haves

- A strong wagon, fit for the journey (a wagon can carry 2,000 pounds)
- Oxen (4 head, but 6 is better)
- Tack and Harness - To attach the oxen to the wagon
- Food (see list below for amount and type of food)
Clothing (2 sets per person - a set includes 1 shirt, 1 pair of pants and 1 pair of boots)
- Tent ( a tent will hold 4 people)
- Pots, pans, cups, plates and utensils
- Matches

Optional Items

- Milk Cow
- Mule or Riding Horses - If you do not want to walk
(Please include Saddle and Saddle Bags, Bridles and Blinders)
- Mule or Pack Horse (Please, include Pack Saddle)

- Tools (see below for examples):
- Nails 
- Candles
- Tubs
- Buckets 
- Rope, Axe, Whetstone 
- Hand Tools 
- Shotgun, Rifle, Gunpowder and Shot

DRAFT ANIMALS


ox

$35

minimum of 4-6, but it would be wise to have more

milk cow

$75


cattle

$20

  For Meat

mule

$15

       Can be ridden or to    carry   stuff

pack horse

$25


riding horse

$75


bridle & blinders

$3

Needed for Riding Horse

tack & harness

$5

1 per 6 oxen

mule collar

$1.25

To attach to the mule

horse blanket

$2


whip

$1


pack saddle

$2.50


saddle & saddle bags

$5

Needed for Riding Horse

WAGONS


covered wagon

$70

there's no evidence that wagons made for the emigrant trade held up any better than ordinary farm wagons

farm wagon

$30


wagon bows

$3/set

for converting a farm wagon to a covered wagon

cloth cover

$1/yard

10 Yards per Wagon

SUNDRIES & CAMP EQUIPMENT

woolen blanket

$2.50


tent

$15

4 person

nails

$0.07 per pound


soap

$0.15 per pound


sheet iron stove

$20


coffee mill

$1.00

For grinding coffee beans

coffee pot

$0.75

For brewing ground coffee

frying pan

$1.50


stew kettle

$0.50


bread pan

$0.25


butcher knife

$0.50


tin table settings

$5

includes flatware, plates, and cups for a family of eight

candles

$0.15 per pound


10-gallon wash tub

$1.25


whetstone $.10

for sharpening knives and axes

bucket

$0.25

tar bucket $1.00

"tar buckets" for storing axle grease had tight-fitting tops to keep flies out
and cost $1.00

axe/shovel/hoe

$1.25

these are sold separately

hand tools

$2.50

such as augurs, planes, and saws 
$2.50 for one tool

handkerchiefs $1.08
1 tea set $24.00

tea kettle, cups, saucers, creamer and sugar bowl

flannel shirt $8.00
pants $18.00
1 pair of boots $24.00
1 yard blue cloth $12.00
1 gross matches $1.00

1 Gross = 144 matches


1 lbs. thread 
1.00

rope

$2.50

75' coil of 3/4" hemp rope

WEAPONS


rifle

$15

double barreled rifles were sometimes seen on the frontier, as repeating rifles were not widely available until after the Civil War

shotgun or musket

$10

there were also double barreled shotguns, as well as hybrids fitted with one rifled barrel and one smooth-bored shotgun barrel

powder & shot

$5

powder and shot were generally sold by the pound

hunting knife

$1


FOOD


flour

$0.02 per pound

Recommended for each person:

  • 150 lbs. of flour

  • 20 lbs. of corn meal

  • 50 lbs. of bacon

  • 40 lbs. of sugar

  • 10 lbs. of coffee

  • 15 lbs. of dried fruit

  • 5 lbs. of salt

  • half a pound of baking soda

  • 2 lbs. of tea

  • 5 lbs. of rice,

  • 15 lbs. of beans

corn meal

$0.05 per pound

bacon

$0.05 per pound

sugar

$0.04 per pound

coffee

$0.10 per pound

dried fruit

$0.06 per pound

salt

$0.06 per pound

pepper

$0.08 per pound

lard

$0.05 per pound

vinegar

$0.25 per gallon

baking soda

$0.12 per pound

tea

$0.60 per pound

rice

$0.05 per pound

beans

$0.06 per pound

1 box chocolate $40.00
1 tin of crackers $8.50